Top 10 Most Common Health Issues
There are millions of people live in big cities and rural areas. All people deserve medical facilities; mostly children deserve high-quality medical care. So, it is very important to be aware of the most up-to-date treatment guidelines. Some health issues affect both men and women differently. So, here is some most common health issues discussed as follows. All the treatments are discussed are base on scientific evidence and best practices.
1. Common Cold & Cough
a) Cold is caused by many viruses in the respiratory tract of human beings. On the other hand, coughs is caused by viruses that never require antibiotics.
b) Cold is especially caused in children who are in childcare can mostly get 6 to 8 colds per year. Some of the symptoms of cold include congestion, cough, runny nose, etc. And it may last for up to 10-12 days.
c) The common cold doesn’t need antibiotics. The nose, having mucus, does not always mean that antibiotics are needed. Even if a sinus infection is suspected, your doctor will carefully decide whether antibiotics are the best choice or the patient will go for physical treatment.
d) Medicine for cough is not recommended for children of 4 years. And also for those children who are in between 4-6 years doesn’t require medicine until and unless advised by your doctor.
e) From different medical researchers, it came to know that medicine doesn’t work for the age of 4-years children. But for the younger age group, they are having the potential for serious side effects.
f) Some medicines for cough like codeine, narcotics, etc. should not be used in children.
2. High Cholesterol
a) Being inactive and overweight will lead to high cholesterol. If you never exercise or not active in general, in such cases, it can lower your HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein).
b) From many kinds of research, it is shown that high cholesterol tends to run in families. Smoking and drinking alcohol also leads to high cholesterol as it lowers your HDL.
c) When the level of cholesterol is too high, fat deposits can begin to build up in blood vessels are arteries which may restrict the flow of blood.
d) Some high cholesterol, which can be hereditary, may increase the risk of heart stroke, or heart attack.
e) To maintain the cholesterol level, try to eat fewer foods with saturated fats like red meat, go for some healthy fats like low-fat dairy items, avocados, nuts, etc, do regular exercise.
3. Gastrointestinal Problems
a) Gastrointestinal disorders include conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, hemorrhoids, constipation, and perianal abscesses, fissures, fistulas, perianal infections, colitis, cancer, colon polyps, diverticular diseases, etc.
b) Most of them are prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, exercising regularly.
c) None of the gastrointestinal problems cause ulcers.
d) Stress is also a reason in many other GI conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic heartburn, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), etc.
e) Some examples of structural gastrointestinal disorders are; colon cancer, colon polyps, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.
4. Over Weight & Obesity
a) Being overweight increase your chances of dying from hypertension, coronary heart disease, gallbladder disease, sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, heart stroke, dyslipidemia, prostate, colon cancers, respiratory problems, endometrial, breast, etc.
b) Excess fat in the belly seems to greater health risks as compared to fats on the legs or hips.
c) In some situations, it seems that people with high stress can store it.
d) High stress causes higher levels of the hormone cortisol.
e) It seems to increase the amount of fat which is deposited in the abdomen.
a) This disorder is otherwise called as high blood pressure.
b) Hypertension is a common disorder in which blood flows through the blood vessels or through arteries at higher than normal pressures.
c) Whenever the force against the artery walls is too high, then only hypertension occurs.
d) It may be the reason for causing a heart attack or heart stroke too.
e) This hypertension disease may also be associated with some other disorders like smoking, stress, advanced age, obesity, etc.
f) As if this disease has no early significant symptoms, then also it creates an extra load on the heart and blood vessels. That’s why it is also known as a silent killer.
6. Major Depression & Anxiety
a) Mostly, it seems that chronic stress is connected with higher rates of depression as well as anxiety.
b) Natural hormonal fluctuations may lead to depression or anxiety.
c) Major depression, if it frequently goes undiagnosed, it became a mental disorder.
d) This disease is characterized by a constant sense of despair or hopelessness that makes it difficult to work, sleep, as well as your daily work.
e) It is found from a survey that people who had stress related to their jobs they had an 80% higher risk of developing depression within a few years than people with lower stress.
f) This condition may affect teenagers, children, and adults.
a) Pneumonia and Influenza are among the cause of the top diseases of death for older adults.
b) You have to give more emphasis on Influenza vaccination for seniors have helped.
c) Pneumonia remains one of the most serious infections, mostly among women and very old people.
d) When you get an immunization, it triggers the immune response of your body, causing it to either produce antibodies or induce other processes that enhance immunity.
8. Injury Violence
a) In our daily life, falls are the leading cause of injuries, hospitalized for trauma, and deaths for injury.
b) There are some strategies to reduce the injury that includes regular exercises to maintain balance and strength and medication review.
c) Mostly, home remedies or home modifications can help in reducing injury.
d) Home security must need for preventing intrusion.
e) An injury causes unintentional damage to the body. But violence is the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against any person, or a group of community that ultimately results in injury, death, deprivation, psychological harm, etc.
a) In the case of children, the best medicines for pain relief are ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
b) If a child is suffering from any pain, then concern with your pediatrician how much you have to give your child as it depends on the child’s weight.
c) Some common injuries in children like ear pain, sore throats, sprained ankle, etc. In such case Narcotic pain medications are not appropriate for your children.
d) Never use Codeine for children as it may cause severe respiratory problems and even death in children.
10. Substance Abuse
a) Substance abuse usually means drugs and alcohol. Intake of drugs and alcohol may lead to serious health consequences.
b) Nowadays, Tobacco is the greatest preventable cause of illness and also premature death.
c) It is said by the “Centers for Disease Control and Prevention” that smokers who try to quit are more successful when they have the support of their physician.
d) This disorder includes the overuse of medication or toxin.
e) Addiction to alcohol can cause serious mental and physical injury, overdose and even death.
f) Excess intake of toxins or very high blood alcohol levels may lead to coma or deaths. On the other hand, withdrawal from alcohol may cause hallucinations or even seizures.